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Nelson's message...

england expects

Nelson's message via flag signal - "England Expects Every Man Will Do His D U T Y" above, from the The Boy's Own Paper, 1885, employing the flags as shown in the 1804 copy of the Signal-Book, revised in manuscript and by repasting flag images, that was on board HMS VICTORY at Trafalgar. Below, a Wills cigarette card adding the third word "that" and employing the strict 1799 Signal-Book for the Ships of War. More detailed notes can be found here.


nelson's signal

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