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Prince Edward County, Quinte:

Fisheries in the Quinte region - Fifty years ago in Prince Edward County
Hay Bay Tragedy - a terrible loss of life in 1882
Main Duck Island - a very short history of this part of the "Graveyard of Lake Ontario"
Mariners Memorial Park opening - 1967, the centennial of Canadian confederaion, and an update from 1971 (Note: now known as the Mariners Park Museum)
Naval Marine Archive at the Victory - 'Treasure Trove' as described by the Wellington Times, August 2021
Picton harbour - some early drawings and photographs, local ships in the harbour; and a research note on Wellington harbour
Point Petre, Prince Edward County - the origins of the name
Prince Edward County - some titles referring to the County and Quinte region
Prince Edward County - the origins of the name
Rathbun shipyard (Deseronto) - short history, 1865-1889
Rickarton House (also known as Castle) - for many years, home of A.W. Hepburn (shipping)
Scotch Bonnet Lighthouse - its origins and decline

The people involved – builders and owners :

The Calnan family - from Glandore, Ireland, to Prince Edward County
Captain Duncan B. Christie - and the loss of the steamer Quinte
Claude W. Cole - the King of Main Duck Island
Moses Dulmage
Captain Alfred Hicks, 1849-1909 - master of the Varuna for many years
Captain Nelson Palmatier, 1854-1937 - early memories of the rescue of the crew of the schooner St. George
Statistics and notes from Picton - the 1911 shipping season
The Taits - John "Jack" Tait, master shipbuilder, his origins and his family

The following three references are composed of mutiple pages developed by summer students:

Early settlers to Prince Edward County
Barley Days - includes some early ships, Tait, Hepburn and more
Water quality - updated 2020

Great Lakes:

The Ducks - marine safety - an 1883 call for increased aids to shipping to the east of Prince Edward County.
St Clair River [Great Lakes] - cartography
Ghosts of the Great Lakes - ships, barges and a lighthouse keeper, the recollections of Rowley Murphy.
Ice - navigation seasons - before icebreakers, when could ships sail por steam on Lake Ontario?.
The Cruise of the Nymph - 1904 Mss transcription, 32' yacht cirumnavigation of Lake Ontario
Rush-Bagot Agreement – April 28, 1818
Toronto Harbour - the rare last four chapters by H. Scadding (multiple pages)
Welland Canal - a short history with sketch maps and photographs
William Johnson - pirate of the St. Lawrence

Shipwreck study:

Background - geography, meteorology, causes, etc
Comparison - geographical comparison with an American proposal
Long point to Main Duck - details of a high-density area of marine losses.

Shipyards and ships:

North American shipyards and shipbuilding - General index, by yard name and ship types. Merchant and Naval
Louis Shickluna and his ships - icluding a short biography and some notes
Detailed data sheets - Picton built ships, from Registry entries and multiple other sources
Individual ships:
Steamer ALETHA - in service with A.W. Hepburn's interests from 1909 t0 1914.
Schooner BAVARIA - after her stranding, Galloo Island, November 1889, and the Enquiry.
Steamer BUENA VISTA - launched Kingston, 1911.
Schooner BIGLER - a slow boat with a jubaju; five versions of a song about her
Schooner C. GEARING
Schooner DAN WILLIAMS (other names: Alexander, Mary Gormley)
Schooner ELIZA QUINLAN formerly the Sarah, lost at Poplar point 1882
Brig J.S. HARVEY - wrecked 1864
Schooner KATIE ECCLES two-masted, and the three-masted schooner OLIVER MOWAT - Benjamin Ioset's "Stage 2 Research Report of the 2019 Last Schooners Project" (Texas A&M University)
Steamer KEEWATIN - built Glasgow, 1907 for Canadian Pacific Railway
Steamer KEY WEST - hard aground on Main Duck in 1955
Sailing barge KINGHORN
Schooner NANCY - the Letters of John Ross Richardson and "The story of the Nancy" by Col. E. Cruickshank
Schooner OLIVIA - "My first trip across Lake Ontario", Picton Gazette, 1934.
Schooner PERSIA - Details, press reports, loss off Point Petre.
Schooner PICTON - Multiple files, details, press reports, loss.
The PRINCE EDWARD - the first ship built in Prince Edward County
The barge PURITAN - erroneously 'Pervian' and 'Peruvian', sinking.
The SOUTHERN BELLE - ex-Rothesay Castle
The SUCCESS - convict ship.
Schooner W.J. SUFFEL - accident report, Oswego, 6 August 1887
Steamer VARUNA - built 1880, well known in Quinte waters.
Steam barge T.J. WAFFLE - built 1913, lost 1919 between Oswego and Main Duck.
Shipping lines:
Shipping lines - based or trading in Quinte
A.W. Hepburn - Ontario and Quebec Navigation Co., Hepburn Bros., more
Bateau, (batteau) (battoe) - early transport, rivers and Great Lakes
Canada Steamship Lines - an early advertisement for 1914 excursions
Canadian Pacific Railway - fleet list, Great Lakes service only
Early shipping in Prince Edward County
Early Sail Vessels and Steamboats on Lake Erie - 1881, Francis A. Dewey
The Edmund Fitzgerald - the song of her loss
First steam ships on the Great Lakes - some brief notes
"First Steamer on the Great Lakes" - Richard F. Palmer (with permission), Inland Seas, Spring 1988
Early steamships on the Great Lakes - Fred Erving Dayton, 1929
Glenora ferries: (i) Early years, (ii) Later years and (iii) bibliography
Marine losses on the Great Lakes 1854.

"Schooner Days" by C.H.J. Snider in the Toronto Evening Telegram

"Schooner Days" by C.H.J. Snider - index of available articles.
Some notes about C.H.J. Snider and a bibliography of his published books.
C.H.J. Snider - a more complete biography of C.H.J. Snider.

Mariners' Service:

Mariners' Service, Prince Edward County; a brief history
A wave is born
Mariners Memorial Park opening - 1967, the centennial of Canadian confederaion, and an update from 1971 (Note: now known as the Mariners Park Museum)

The Silver Covenant Chain

Meeting on the River of life - Announcement of the original exhibition, 2009.
Meeting on the River of life - the opening of the exhibition, 2009.
Meeting on the River of life - The two Row Wampum belt and the Silver Covenant Chain (short summary).
Meeting on the River of life - The two Row Wampum belt and the Silver Covenant Chain (full background).

Other articles of first nation interest

Hunting and fishing and the Crown, evolving definitions - legal documents
Inner man Dr. Peter Martin - white man, or, Oronhyateka - Mohawk indian?
"Our Caughnawagas in Egypt" - By Louis Jackson, of Caughnawage, Captain of the Contingent, 1884-1885.
Bull boats
Canoes, Canadian aboriginal - F.W. Waugh, Canadian Field-Naturalist, vol. XXXIII, no.2, May 1919.
Intertribal Warfare Precursor of Indian-White Warfare on the Northern Great Plains; John C. Ewers, 1975.


These pages refer to Benjamin Hallowell, the father, R.N Officer and head of Customs in Boston at the time of the Tea Party; his son and namesake, who became one of Lord Nelson's "band of brothers"; HMCS Hallowell, a WWII Flower class corvette. The Naval Marine Archives' building, The Victory, is located on part of the original Ontario land grant to Hallowell.



Naval Marine ArchiveThe Canadian Collection
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Naval Marine Archive
The Canadian Collection

Revised: August 2022